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Black Kite
Black Kite
Black Kite,
Milvus migrans
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Clade: Afroaves
Superorder: Accipitrimorphae
Order: Accipitriformes
Family: Accipitridae
Subfamily: Buteoninae
Tribe: Milvini
Genus: Milvus
Species: M. migrans
Binomial name
Milvus migrans
(Boddaert, 1783)
Subspecies

5, see text

Milvus migrans distr
Range of black and yellow-billed kites      Northern summer range     Year-round range     Southern summer range
Synonyms
  • Falco migrans Boddaert, 1783
  • Milvus affinis
  • Milvus ater
  • Milvus melanotis
Click for other names
Other common names Fork-tailed Kite
Scientific Falco migrans Boddaert, 1783
  • Milvus affinis
  • Milvus ater
  • Milvus melanotis

Desciption

Subspecies

  • M. m. migrans(Boddaert, 1783): European Black Kite
Breeds central, southern and eastern Europe, as well as the Maghreb region of Northwest Africa, to Tien Shan and south to northwest Pakistan. Winters in Sub-Saharan Africa. The head is whitish.
  • M. m. lineatus(J. E. Gray, 1831): Black-eared Kite
Siberia to Amurland S around Himalaya to N India, N Indochina and S China; Japan. Northern inland birds migrate to E Persian Gulf coast and S Asia in winter. This has a larger pale carpal patch.
  • M. m. govindaSykes, 1832: Small Indian Kite (formerly Pariah Kite)
Eastern Pakistan east through tropical India and Sri Lanka to Indochina and Malay Peninsula. Resident. A dark brown kite found throughout the subcontinent. Can be seen circling and soaring in urban areas. Easily distinguished by the shallow forked tail. The name pariah originates from the Indian caste system and usage of this name is deprecated.[2][3]
  • M. m. affinisGould, 1838: Fork-tailed Kite
Sulawesi and possibly Lesser Sunda Islands; Papua New Guinea except mountains; NE and E Australia.
  • M. m. formosanusKuroda, 1920: Taiwan Kite
Taiwan and Hainan; resident.


Similar species

Red Kite (milvus milvus)

Behaviour

Diet

The Black Kite eats fish (hunted or scavenged on), carrion, refuse, small rodents and (rarely) birds. It sometimes chases other birds to steal prey from them.

Calls

Reproduction

Distribution/habitat

it's found in Europe, Asia, North Africa. It lives mainly near rivers and wetlands, where it's easy to fish or steal prey from other fish-eating birds.

References

  1. ^ Template:IUCN2011.2
  2. ^ Agoramoorthy, G. (2005). "Disallow caste discrimination in biological and social contexts" (PDF). Current Science. 89 (5): 727. 
  3. ^ Blanford, W.T. (1896). Fauna of British India. Birds. Volume 3. London: Taylor and Francis. pp. 374–378. 

External links

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