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Grey Tinamou
File:Tao001.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Tinamiformes
Family: Tinamidae
Subfamily: Tinaminae
Genus: Tinamus
Species: T. tao
Binomial name
Tinamus tao
Temminck, 1815[2]
Sub-species

T. t. larensis (Phelps & Phelps, 1949)
T. t. tao (Temminck, 1815)
T. t. kleei (Tschudi, 1843)
T. t. septentrionalis (Brabourne & Chubb, 1913)

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The Grey Tinamou (Tinamus tao) is a type of ground bird found throughout western and northern Brazil, eastern Ecuador, eastern Peru, Colombia east of the Andes, northern Venezuela, northern Bolivia, and Guyana.[1][3]

Taxonomy

All tinamou are from the family Tinamidae, and in the larger scheme are also Ratites. All ratites evolved from prehistoric flying birds, and Tinamous are the closest living relative of these birds.[4]

The Grey Tinamou has several subspecies:

Range

In most of its range it is essentially restricted to humid lowland forests, but in the northern and far western parts of its range it mainly occurs in montane forests.[1] This Tinamou has shown the ability to utilize forests that have been cleared by logging.[1] As most other tinamous, its song is commonly heard, but it is shy and only infrequently seen.

Description

With a total length of 46 cm (18 in), it is among the largest tinamous. As suggested by its name, it is mostly grey. The back and head are barred blackish, and its vent is cinnamon. White spotting extends along the head and down the neck.

Behavior

Like other Tinamous, the male incubates the eggs on the nest that is located in heavy brush on the ground. After incubation, the male will also raise them for the short period of time until they are ready. They eat fruit and seeds from the ground and bushes that are low to the ground.[4]

Conservation

This species has not shown population loss and is considered by the IUCN to be a Least Concern status, and has a range occurrence of 3,600,000 km² (1,390,000 sq mi)[1]

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b c d e BirdLife International (2008)
  2. ^ Brands, S. (2008)
  3. ^ a b c d e Clements, J (2007)
  4. ^ a b Davies, S. J. J. F. (2003)

References

External links


Family Tinamidae vte
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