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List of birds of Brazil

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Brazil has one of the richest bird diversities in the world. The avifauna of Brazil includes a total of 1832 species, of which 234 are endemic. About 60% of the bird species recorded for all of South America. These numbers are still increasing, almost every year, due to new occurrences or new species being described. About 10% of the bird species found in the country are, nonetheless, threatened.

Struthioniformes

Rheidae - Rheas

File:Rhea side profile.jpg

Tinamiformes

Tinamidae - Tinamous

File:Crypturellus soui.jpg
File:Rhynchotus rufescens.JPG

Anseriformes

Anhimidae - Screamers

File:Halsband-Wehrvogel Chanua torquata 0505273 Ausschnitt.jpg

Anatidae- Ducks, Geese and Swans

File:Cygnus melanocorypha EN.jpg
Whistling duck flight02 - natures pics-edit1

Black-bellied Whistling-Duck

Galliformes

Cracidae - Curassows, Guans and Chachalacas

File:Penelope obscura2.jpg
File:Wattled Curassow Crax globulosa Head 2600px.jpg

Odontophoridae - New World Quails

Podicipediformes

Podicipedidae - Grebes

File:Podilymbus-podiceps-001.jpg

Sphenisciformes

Spheniscidae - Penguins

File:Magellanic penguin, Valdes Peninsula, e.jpg

Procellariiformes

Diomedeidae - Albatrosses

File:Black-browed albatross.jpg

Procellariidae - Shearwaters and Petrels

File:Fulmarus glacialis 1 2.jpg
File:Damier du Cap - Cape Petrel.jpg
File:Macronectes giganteus1.jpg

Hydrobatidae - Storm petrels

File:Oceanites oceanicusPCCA20070623-3634B.jpg

Pelecanoididae - Diving-Petrels

Pelecaniformes

Phaethontidae - Tropicbirds

File:Rtailedtropicbird8.jpg

Pelecanidae - Pelicans

File:Brown-Pelican-Ponce-Inlet-FL-2.jpg

Sulidae - Boobies and Gannets

Phalacrocoracidae - Cormorants

Anhingidae - Darters

File:Anhingadrying.jpg

Fregatidae - Frigatebirds

File:Fregata magnificens1.jpg

Ciconiiformes

Ardeidae - Bitterns, Herons and Egrets

File:Agami1.jpg

Threskiornithidae - Ibises and Spoonbills

File:Eudocimus ruber - Scharlachsichler - Scarlet Ibis.jpg

Ciconiidae - Storks

File:Ph-animals-jaburu-1.jpg

Phoenicopteriformes

Phoenicopteridae - Flamingos

File:Caribbean Flamingo.jpg

Falconiformes

Cathartidae - New World Vultures

File:Turkey vulture profile.jpg

Pandionidae - Ospreys

File:OspreyNASA.jpg

Accipitridae - Hawks, Kites and Eagles

File:Buteogallus urubitinga NBII.jpg
File:White-tailed Hawk.jpg

Falconidae

File:Greifvogel.jpg
File:Aplomado Falcon portrait.jpg

Gruiformes

Aramidae - Limpkins

Limpkin1

Limpkin

Psophiidae - Trumpeters

Rallidae - Rails, Gallinules and Coots

File:Ampurpgall.jpg
File:Moorhen.jpg
File:Aramides cajaneaPCCA20051227-2034B.jpg

Heliornithidae - Sungrebes

Eurypygidae - Sunbitterns

File:Eurypyga heliasPCCA20051227-2000B.jpg

Cariamidae - Seriemas

Charadriiformes

Jacanidae - Jacanas

File:Jacana jacana Niagara Falls Aviary.jpg

Rostratulidae - Painted Snipes

Haematopodidae - Oystercatchers

Recurvirostridae - Stilts

File:Black-necked Stilt.jpg

Burhinidae - Thick-knees

Glareolidae - Coursers

Charadriidae - Lapwings and Plovers

File:Americangoldie39.jpg

Scolopacidae - Sandpipers, Snipes, Curlews, Stints and Phalaropes

File:UplandSandpiper23.jpg
File:Tringa-flavipes-001.jpg

Thinocoridae - Seedsnipes

Chionididae - Sheathbills

Chionis blanc - Pale-faced Sheathbill

Pale-faced Sheathbill

Stercorariidae - Skuas

File:Stercorarius pomarinusPCCA20070623-3985B.jpg

Laridae - Gulls

File:Larus dominicanus.jpg

Sternidae - Terns

File:Tern-KayEss-2.jpeg

Rynchopidae - Skimmers

Blackskimmer64

Rynchops niger

Columbiformes

Columbidae - Doves and Pigeons

File:Patagioenas fasciata2.jpg
File:Whitetippeddove.jpg

Psittaciformes

Psittacidae - Parrots, Parakeets and Macaws

File:Hyacinth Macaw - Nashville Zoo.jpg
File:Ara ararauna -Blue-and-yellow Macaw in a tree.jpg
File:Aratinga Jandaya -in tree-8.jpg
File:Papagaio (Fêmea) REFON 010907.jpg
File:Maroon-bellied Conure (Pyrrhura frontalis) -Sao Paulo.jpg
Deroptyus accipitrinus or Red-fan Parrot on ground

Red-fan Parrot

Opisthocomiformes

Opisthocomidae - Hoatzins

Opisthocomus hoazin

Opisthocomus hoazin

Cuculiformes

Cuculidae - Cuckoos, Anis and Ground-cuckoos

File:Guira guira.jpg

Strigiformes

Tytonidae - Barn Owls

Strigidae - Owls

File:Ferruginos pygmy owl.jpg
File:Pulsatrix perspicillata.jpg

Caprimulgiformes

Steatornithidae - Oilbirds

Nyctibiidae - Potoos

File:Nyctibius griseus 471885191 27f931630d o.jpg

Caprimulgidae - Nightjar and Nighthawks

File:Lesser Nighthawk.jpg
File:Common Nighthawk.JPG

Apodiformes

Apodidae - Swifts

File:ChimneySwift23.jpg

Trochilidae - Hummingbirds and Hermits

File:162whiteneckedjacobin.jpg
File:050305 Brown Violet-ear crop.jpg
File:ThaluraniaGlaucopis200805DarioSanches.jpg
File:Amazilia fimbriata.jpg
File:Calliphlox amethystina (male).jpg
File:Amazilia tobaci - perched.JPG

Trogoniformes

Trogonidae - Trogons

File:Trogon-viridis-001.jpg

Coraciiformes

Alcedinidae - Kingfishers

File:Ceryle torquatus.jpg

Momotidae - Motmots

File:Blue-crowned Motmot back 2.jpg

Galbuliformes

Galbulidae - Jacamars

Galbula ruficauda - back

Rufous-tailed Jacamar

Bucconidae - Puffbirds

File:Monasa leofleck.jpg

Piciformes

Capitonidae - Barbets

Ramphastidae - Toucans

Ramphastos toco

Ramphastos toco

File:Ramphastos vitellinus.jpg
File:Ramphastos tucanus.jpg

Picidae - Woodpeckers

File:Pica-pau PPreta 0605 7.JPG
File:Dryocopus lineatus.jpg
File:Picumnus cirratus.jpg
Colaptes campestris 174

Campo Flicker

Passeriformes

Thamnophilidae - Typical Antbirds

File:Pectoral Antwren.jpg
File:Thamnophilus doliatus.jpg
File:Thamnophilus caerulescens gleaning.jpg
Gymnopithys-leucaspis-001 edit2

Bicolored Antbird

Conopophagidae - Gnateaters

File:Conopophaga melanops.jpg

Formicariidae - Antthrushes and Antpittas

Rhinocryptidae - Tapaculos

Furnariidae - Ovenbirds, Spinetails and Woodcreepers

File:Bar-winged cinclodes.jpg
File:Synallaxis spixi.jpg
File:Synallaxis ruficapilla.jpg
File:Cranioleuca pallida.jpg
File:Xenops rutilans.jpg
File:Xiphocolaptes albicollis 802.jpg
File:Dendrocolaptes platyrostris.jpg
File:Xiphorhynchus fuscus.jpg

Tyrannidae - Tyrant-flycatchers

File:Pitangus sulphuratus 2.jpg
File:Elaenia albiceps.jpg
File:Todirostrum cinereum.jpg
File:Todirostrum poliocephalum.jpg
File:GIBÃO-DE-COURO (Hirundinea ferruginea).jpg
File:Contopus virensPCCA20050724-9873B.jpg
File:Fluvicola pica.jpg
File:White-headed marsh-tyrant.jpg
File:Cattle Tyrant.jpg
File:Myiarchus-tuberculifer-001.jpg
File:Myiarchus ferox.jpg
File:Rusty-margined flycatcherm.jpg
File:Myiozetetes-similis-001.jpg
File:Piratic flycatcher.jpg
File:Tyrannus-melancholicus-001.jpg
File:Masked Tityra 2.jpg
File:Pachyramphus castaneus.jpg
File:Flycatcher1.jpg
File:Lavadeira mascarada.jpg

Cotingidae - Cotingas

Pipridae - Manakins

Manacus manacus

White-bearded Manakin

Golden-headed Manakin

Golden-headed Manakin

Vireonidae - Vireos

File:Redeyedvireo17.jpg
File:Cyclarhis gujanensis.jpg

Corvidae - Jays

File:Cyanocorax chrysops 001 1280.jpg

Hirundinidae - Swallows

File:Southern Rough-winged Swallow.jpg
File:Hirundo-rustica-001.jpg

Troglodytidae - Wrens

File:Troglodytes musculus.jpg
File:Cistothorus platensis.jpg

Polioptilidae - Gnatcatchers

Turdidae - Thrushes

File:Turdus-rufiventris.jpg

Mimidae - Mockingbirds

File:Mimus saturninus.png

Motacillidae - Pipits

Bananaquits

Bananaquit

Coerebidae - Bananaquits

Thraupidae - Tanagers

File:Dacnis cayana.jpg
File:Chlorophanes spiza - male on feeder.jpg
Piranga olivacea1

Piranga olivacea

File:Ramphocelus bresilius04.jpg
File:Thraupis-episcopus-001.jpg
File:Green-headed tanager.jpg
File:Tangara cayana.jpg
File:Swallow Tanager (Tersina viridis)..jpg

Emberizidae - Seedeaters

File:YBCardinal1.jpg
File:Tiziu.jpg
File:Coleirinho.jpg
File:Sporophila palustris.jpg
File:Oryzoborus angolensis.jpg
File:Safron finch 27.jpg
File:TICO-TICO (Zonotrichia capensis ) (2195772708).jpg
File:Embernagra platensis.jpg

Cardinalidae - Saltators and Allies

Buff-throated Saltator

Buff-throated Saltator

Parulidae - New World Warblers

File:Parula pitiayumi.jpg
File:Geothlypis aequinoctialis.jpg

Icteridae - Orioles, Oropendolas and Allies

File:Dolichonyx oryzivorus1.jpg
File:Sturnella superciliaris.jpg
File:Psarocolius decumanus.jpg

Fringillidae - Euphonias and Cardinals

File:Cmagellanicamvisible.jpg

Estrildidae - Waxbills

Passeridae - House Sparrows

File:Passer domesticus2.jpg

See also

References

  • Comitê Brasileiro de Registros Ornitológicos (2010) Listas das aves do Brasil. Versão 25/01/2011. Disponível em/ available at <http://www.cbro.org.br> Accesso em/ access in: 25/01/2011.
  • Miguel A. Marini and Frederico I. Garcia, 2005 - Bird Conservation in Brazil, Conservation Biology 19(3)

External links

  • National and state bird lists of Brazil Birdlist, multi-lingual website by country with standardized codes for abundance and seasonal presence.
  • Brazilian Birds An interactive website dedicated to the Brazilian community of birdwatchers. It aims to support and promote birdwatching, providing free advanced tools for the publication of photos, sounds, descriptions and species identification of Brazilian birds, as well as communication between site users and other features.
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