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List of birds of Brazil

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Brazil has one of the richest bird diversities in the world. The avifauna of Brazil includes a total of 1832 species, of which 234 are endemic. About 60% of the bird species recorded for all of South America. These numbers are still increasing, almost every year, due to new occurrences or new species being described. About 10% of the bird species found in the country are, nonetheless, threatened.

StruthioniformesEdit

Rheidae - RheasEdit

File:Rhea side profile.jpg
Greater Rhea

TinamiformesEdit

Tinamidae - TinamousEdit

File:Crypturellus soui.jpg
Crypturellus soui
File:Rhynchotus rufescens.JPG
Red-winged Tinamou

AnseriformesEdit

Anhimidae - ScreamersEdit

File:Halsband-Wehrvogel Chanua torquata 0505273 Ausschnitt.jpg
Chauna torquata

Anatidae- Ducks, Geese and SwansEdit

File:Cygnus melanocorypha EN.jpg
Cygnus melancoryphus
Whistling duck flight02 - natures pics-edit1
Black-bellied Whistling-Duck

GalliformesEdit

Cracidae - Curassows, Guans and ChachalacasEdit

File:Penelope obscura2.jpg
Dusky-legged Guan
File:Wattled Curassow Crax globulosa Head 2600px.jpg
Wattled Curassow

Odontophoridae - New World QuailsEdit

PodicipediformesEdit

Podicipedidae - GrebesEdit

File:Podilymbus-podiceps-001.jpg
Podilymbus podiceps

SphenisciformesEdit

Spheniscidae - PenguinsEdit

File:Magellanic penguin, Valdes Peninsula, e.jpg
Spheniscus magellanicus

ProcellariiformesEdit

Diomedeidae - AlbatrossesEdit

File:Black-browed albatross.jpg
Thalassarche melanophris

Procellariidae - Shearwaters and PetrelsEdit

File:Fulmarus glacialis 1 2.jpg
Fulmarus glacialoides
File:Damier du Cap - Cape Petrel.jpg
Cape Petrel
File:Macronectes giganteus1.jpg
Antarctic Giant Petrel

Hydrobatidae - Storm petrelsEdit

File:Oceanites oceanicusPCCA20070623-3634B.jpg
Wilson's Storm Petrel

Pelecanoididae - Diving-PetrelsEdit

PelecaniformesEdit

Phaethontidae - TropicbirdsEdit

File:Rtailedtropicbird8.jpg
Phaethon rubricauda

Pelecanidae - PelicansEdit

File:Brown-Pelican-Ponce-Inlet-FL-2.jpg
Pelecanus occidentalis

Sulidae - Boobies and GannetsEdit

Phalacrocoracidae - CormorantsEdit

Anhingidae - DartersEdit

File:Anhingadrying.jpg
Anhinga anhinga

Fregatidae - FrigatebirdsEdit

File:Fregata magnificens1.jpg
Fregata magnificens

CiconiiformesEdit

Ardeidae - Bitterns, Herons and EgretsEdit

File:Agami1.jpg
Agami Heron

Threskiornithidae - Ibises and SpoonbillsEdit

File:Eudocimus ruber - Scharlachsichler - Scarlet Ibis.jpg
Eudocimus ruber

Ciconiidae - StorksEdit

File:Ph-animals-jaburu-1.jpg
Jabiru mycteria

PhoenicopteriformesEdit

Phoenicopteridae - FlamingosEdit

File:Caribbean Flamingo.jpg
Phoenicopterus ruber

FalconiformesEdit

Cathartidae - New World VulturesEdit

File:Turkey vulture profile.jpg
Cathartes aura

Pandionidae - OspreysEdit

File:OspreyNASA.jpg
Pandion haliaetus

Accipitridae - Hawks, Kites and EaglesEdit

File:Buteogallus urubitinga NBII.jpg
Great Black Hawk
File:White-tailed Hawk.jpg
White-tailed Hawk

FalconidaeEdit

File:Greifvogel.jpg
Northern Caracara
File:Aplomado Falcon portrait.jpg
Aplomado Falcon

GruiformesEdit

Aramidae - LimpkinsEdit

Limpkin1
Limpkin

Psophiidae - TrumpetersEdit

Rallidae - Rails, Gallinules and CootsEdit

File:Ampurpgall.jpg
Porphyrio martinica
File:Moorhen.jpg
Common Moorhen
File:Aramides cajaneaPCCA20051227-2034B.jpg
Grey-necked Wood-Rail

Heliornithidae - SungrebesEdit

Eurypygidae - SunbitternsEdit

File:Eurypyga heliasPCCA20051227-2000B.jpg
Sunbittern

Cariamidae - SeriemasEdit

CharadriiformesEdit

Jacanidae - JacanasEdit

File:Jacana jacana Niagara Falls Aviary.jpg
Wattled Jacana

Rostratulidae - Painted SnipesEdit

Haematopodidae - OystercatchersEdit

Recurvirostridae - StiltsEdit

File:Black-necked Stilt.jpg
Himantopus mexicanus

Burhinidae - Thick-kneesEdit

Glareolidae - CoursersEdit

Charadriidae - Lapwings and PloversEdit

File:Americangoldie39.jpg
Pluvialis dominica

Scolopacidae - Sandpipers, Snipes, Curlews, Stints and PhalaropesEdit

File:UplandSandpiper23.jpg
Upland Sandpiper
File:Tringa-flavipes-001.jpg
Tringa flavipes

Thinocoridae - SeedsnipesEdit

Chionididae - SheathbillsEdit

Chionis blanc - Pale-faced Sheathbill
Pale-faced Sheathbill

Stercorariidae - SkuasEdit

File:Stercorarius pomarinusPCCA20070623-3985B.jpg
Pomarine Jaeger

Laridae - GullsEdit

File:Larus dominicanus.jpg
Larus dominicanus

Sternidae - TernsEdit

File:Tern-KayEss-2.jpeg
Sterna hirundo

Rynchopidae - SkimmersEdit

Blackskimmer64
Rynchops niger

ColumbiformesEdit

Columbidae - Doves and PigeonsEdit

File:Patagioenas fasciata2.jpg
Band-tailed Pigeon
File:Whitetippeddove.jpg
White-tipped Dove

PsittaciformesEdit

Psittacidae - Parrots, Parakeets and MacawsEdit

File:Hyacinth Macaw - Nashville Zoo.jpg
Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus
File:Ara ararauna -Blue-and-yellow Macaw in a tree.jpg
Ara ararauna
File:Aratinga Jandaya -in tree-8.jpg
Jandaya Parakeet
File:Papagaio (Fêmea) REFON 010907.jpg
Amazona aestiva
File:Maroon-bellied Conure (Pyrrhura frontalis) -Sao Paulo.jpg
Maroon-bellied Conure
Deroptyus accipitrinus or Red-fan Parrot on ground
Red-fan Parrot

OpisthocomiformesEdit

Opisthocomidae - HoatzinsEdit

Opisthocomus hoazin
Opisthocomus hoazin

CuculiformesEdit

Cuculidae - Cuckoos, Anis and Ground-cuckoosEdit

File:Guira guira.jpg
Guira Cuckoo

StrigiformesEdit

Tytonidae - Barn OwlsEdit

Strigidae - OwlsEdit

File:Ferruginos pygmy owl.jpg
Glaucidum brasilianum
File:Pulsatrix perspicillata.jpg
Spectacled Owl

CaprimulgiformesEdit

Steatornithidae - OilbirdsEdit

Nyctibiidae - PotoosEdit

File:Nyctibius griseus 471885191 27f931630d o.jpg
Common Potoo

Caprimulgidae - Nightjar and NighthawksEdit

File:Lesser Nighthawk.jpg
Lesser Nighthawk.jpg
File:Common Nighthawk.JPG
Chordeiles minor

ApodiformesEdit

Apodidae - SwiftsEdit

File:ChimneySwift23.jpg
Chimney Swift

Trochilidae - Hummingbirds and HermitsEdit

File:162whiteneckedjacobin.jpg
White-necked Jacobin
File:050305 Brown Violet-ear crop.jpg
Brown Violet-ear
File:ThaluraniaGlaucopis200805DarioSanches.jpg
Violet-capped Woodnymph
File:Amazilia fimbriata.jpg
Glittering-throated Emerald
File:Calliphlox amethystina (male).jpg
Amethyst Woodstar
File:Amazilia tobaci - perched.JPG
Copper-rumped Hummingbird

TrogoniformesEdit

Trogonidae - TrogonsEdit

File:Trogon-viridis-001.jpg
White-tailed Trogon

CoraciiformesEdit

Alcedinidae - KingfishersEdit

File:Ceryle torquatus.jpg
Ringed Kingfisher

Momotidae - MotmotsEdit

File:Blue-crowned Motmot back 2.jpg
Momotus momota

GalbuliformesEdit

Galbulidae - JacamarsEdit

Galbula ruficauda - back
Rufous-tailed Jacamar

Bucconidae - PuffbirdsEdit

File:Monasa leofleck.jpg
Black-fronted Nunbird

PiciformesEdit

Capitonidae - BarbetsEdit

Ramphastidae - ToucansEdit

Ramphastos toco
Ramphastos toco
File:Ramphastos vitellinus.jpg
Ramphastos vitellinus
File:Ramphastos tucanus.jpg
Ramphastos tucanus

Picidae - WoodpeckersEdit

File:Pica-pau PPreta 0605 7.JPG
White Woodpecker
File:Dryocopus lineatus.jpg
Lineated Woodpecker
File:Picumnus cirratus.jpg
White-barred Piculet
File:Colaptes campestris 174.jpg
Campo Flicker

PasseriformesEdit

Thamnophilidae - Typical AntbirdsEdit

File:Pectoral Antwren.jpg
Pectoral Antwren, a Brazilian endemic.
File:Thamnophilus doliatus.jpg
Barred Antshrike.
File:Thamnophilus caerulescens gleaning.jpg
Variable Antshrike.
Gymnopithys-leucaspis-001 edit2
Bicolored Antbird

Conopophagidae - GnateatersEdit

File:Conopophaga melanops.jpg
Black-cheeked Gnateater

Formicariidae - Antthrushes and AntpittasEdit

Rhinocryptidae - TapaculosEdit

Furnariidae - Ovenbirds, Spinetails and WoodcreepersEdit

File:Bar-winged cinclodes.jpg
Bar-winged cinclodes
File:Synallaxis spixi.jpg
Chicli Spinetail
File:Synallaxis ruficapilla.jpg
Rufous-capped Spinetail
File:Cranioleuca pallida.jpg
Pallid Spinetail
File:Xenops rutilans.jpg
Streaked Xenops
File:Xiphocolaptes albicollis 802.jpg
White-throated Woodcreeper
File:Dendrocolaptes platyrostris.jpg
Planalto Woodcreeper
File:Xiphorhynchus fuscus.jpg
Lesser Woodcreeper

Tyrannidae - Tyrant-flycatchersEdit

File:Pitangus sulphuratus 2.jpg
Great Kiskadee
File:Elaenia albiceps.jpg
White-crested Elaenia
File:Todirostrum cinereum.jpg
Common Tody-Flycatcher
File:Todirostrum poliocephalum.jpg
Yellow-lored Tody-flycatcher
File:GIBÃO-DE-COURO (Hirundinea ferruginea).jpg
Cliff Flycatcher
File:Contopus virensPCCA20050724-9873B.jpg
Eastern Wood-Pewee
File:Fluvicola pica.jpg
Pied Water-Tyrant
File:White-headed marsh-tyrant.jpg
White-headed Marsh-Tyrant
File:Cattle Tyrant.jpg
Cattle Tyrant
File:Myiarchus-tuberculifer-001.jpg
Dusky-capped Flycatcher
File:Myiarchus ferox.jpg
Short-crested Flycatcher
File:Rusty-margined flycatcherm.jpg
Rusty-margined Flycatcher
File:Myiozetetes-similis-001.jpg
Social Flycatcher
File:Piratic flycatcher.jpg
Piratic Flycatcher
File:Tyrannus-melancholicus-001.jpg
Tropical Kingbird
File:Masked Tityra 2.jpg
Masked Tityra
File:Pachyramphus castaneus.jpg
Chestnut-crowned Becard
File:Flycatcher1.jpg
Vermilion Flycatcher
File:Lavadeira mascarada.jpg
Masked Water-Tyrant

Cotingidae - CotingasEdit

Pipridae - ManakinsEdit

Manacus manacus
White-bearded Manakin
Golden-headed Manakin
Golden-headed Manakin

Vireonidae - VireosEdit

File:Redeyedvireo17.jpg
Red=eyed Vireo
File:Cyclarhis gujanensis.jpg
Rufous-browed Peppershrike

Corvidae - JaysEdit

File:Cyanocorax chrysops 001 1280.jpg
Plush-crested Jay

Hirundinidae - SwallowsEdit

File:Southern Rough-winged Swallow.jpg
Southern Rough-winged Swallow
File:Hirundo-rustica-001.jpg
Hirundo rustica

Troglodytidae - WrensEdit

File:Troglodytes musculus.jpg
House Wren
File:Cistothorus platensis.jpg
Sedge Wren

Polioptilidae - GnatcatchersEdit

Turdidae - ThrushesEdit

File:Turdus-rufiventris.jpg
Rufous-bellied Thrush

Mimidae - MockingbirdsEdit

File:Mimus saturninus.png
Chalk-browed Mockingbird

Motacillidae - PipitsEdit

Bananaquits
Bananaquit

Coerebidae - BananaquitsEdit

Thraupidae - TanagersEdit

File:Dacnis cayana.jpg
Dacnis cayana
File:Chlorophanes spiza - male on feeder.jpg
Chlorophanes spiza
Piranga olivacea1
Piranga olivacea
File:Ramphocelus bresilius04.jpg
Brazilian Tanager
File:Thraupis-episcopus-001.jpg
Blue-gray Tanager
File:Green-headed tanager.jpg
Green-headed Tanager
File:Tangara cayana.jpg
Burnished-buff Tanager
File:Swallow Tanager (Tersina viridis)..jpg
Swallow Tanager

Emberizidae - SeedeatersEdit

File:YBCardinal1.jpg
Paroaria capitata
File:Tiziu.jpg
Blue-black Grassquit
File:Coleirinho.jpg
Double-collared Seedeater
File:Sporophila palustris.jpg
Double-collared Seedeater
File:Oryzoborus angolensis.jpg
Chestnut-bellied Seed-Finch
File:Safron finch 27.jpg
Saffron Finch
File:TICO-TICO (Zonotrichia capensis ) (2195772708).jpg
Rufous-collared Sparrow
File:Embernagra platensis.jpg
Great Pampa-Finch

Cardinalidae - Saltators and AlliesEdit

Buff-throated Saltator
Buff-throated Saltator

Parulidae - New World WarblersEdit

File:Parula pitiayumi.jpg
Tropical Parula
File:Geothlypis aequinoctialis.jpg
Masked Yellowthroat

Icteridae - Orioles, Oropendolas and AlliesEdit

File:Dolichonyx oryzivorus1.jpg
Dolichonyx oryzivorus
File:Sturnella superciliaris.jpg
White-browed Blackbird
File:Psarocolius decumanus.jpg
Crested Oropendola

Fringillidae - Euphonias and CardinalsEdit

File:Cmagellanicamvisible.jpg
Hooded Siskin

Estrildidae - WaxbillsEdit

Passeridae - House SparrowsEdit

File:Passer domesticus2.jpg
Passer domesticus

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Comitê Brasileiro de Registros Ornitológicos (2010) Listas das aves do Brasil. Versão 25/01/2011. Disponível em/ available at <http://www.cbro.org.br> Accesso em/ access in: 25/01/2011.
  • Miguel A. Marini and Frederico I. Garcia, 2005 - Bird Conservation in Brazil, Conservation Biology 19(3)

External linksEdit

  • National and state bird lists of Brazil Birdlist, multi-lingual website by country with standardized codes for abundance and seasonal presence.
  • Brazilian Birds An interactive website dedicated to the Brazilian community of birdwatchers. It aims to support and promote birdwatching, providing free advanced tools for the publication of photos, sounds, descriptions and species identification of Brazilian birds, as well as communication between site users and other features.
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