FANDOM


Neoavians
Temporal range: Early CretaceousHolocene, 105–0 Ma [1]
Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Infraclass: Neognathae
Superorder: Neoaves
Sibley et al., 1988
Clades

2-9



Neoaves is a clade that consists of all modern birds (Neornithes or Aves) with the exception of Paleognathae (ratites and kin) and Galloanserae (ducks, chickens and kin). The early diversification of the various neoavian groups occurred very rapidly around the Cretaceous–Paleogene extinction event,[2] and attempts to resolve their relationships with each other have resulted initially in much controversy.[3][4]

Phylogeny

One hypothesis for the phylogeny of modern birds was presented by Prum, R.O. et al. (2015)[5]

Jarvis et al (2014) Prum et al (2015)[5] Suh (2016)[6]


Columbea


Mirandornithes (flamingos, grebes)



Columbimorphae (pigeons, mesites, sandgrouse)



Passerea


Otidae


Otidimorphae (cuckoos, bustards, turacos)



Strisores (hummingbirds, swifts, nightbirds)






Gruae


Opisthocomiformes (hoatzin)


Gruimorphae


Gruiformes (cranes, rails)



Charadriiformes (shorebirds)






Ardeae


Aequornithes (core waterbirds)



Eurypygimorphae (sunbittern, kagu, tropicbirds)



Telluraves


Afroaves



Australaves


(core landbirds)







Strisores (hummingbirds, swifts, nightbirds)




Columbaves


Columbimorphae (pigeons, mesites, sandgrouse)



Otidimorphae (cuckoos, bustards, turacos)






Gruiformes (cranes, rails)



Aequorlitornithes



Charadriiformes (shorebirds)



Mirandornithes(flamingoes, grebes)



Ardeae


Aequornithes (core waterbirds)



Eurypygimorphae (sunbittern, kagu, tropicbirds)



(waterbirds)
Inopinaves


Opisthocomiformes (hoatzin)


Telluraves


Afroaves



Australaves


(core landbirds)







Columbimorphae (pigeons, mesites, sandgrouse)



Otidimorphae (cuckoos, bustards, turacos)



Strisores (hummingbirds, swifts, nightbirds)



Opisthocomiformes (hoatzin)



Gruiformes (cranes, rails)



Charadriiformes (shorebirds)



Mirandornithes (flamingoes, grebes)



Ardeae


Aequornithes (core waterbirds)



Eurypygimorphae (sunbittern, kagu, tropicbirds)





Telluraves


Afroaves



Australaves


(core landbirds)


The following cladogram illustrates the proposed relationships, with some taxon names following Yury, T. et al. (2013)[7] and Kimball et al. 2013.[8]

Neoaves

Columbea


Mirandornithes (flamingos and grebes)


Columbimorphae


Columbiformes (pigeons)




Mesitornithiformes (mesites)



Pteroclidiformes (sandgrouses)





Passerea

Otidae


Cypselomorphae (hummingbirds, swifts)


Otidimorphae


Cuculiformes (cuckoos)




Otidiformes (bustards)



Musophagiformes (turacos)






Gruae


Opisthocomiformes (hoatzin)


Gruimorphae


Gruiformes (rails and cranes)



Charadriiformes (shorebirds)





Ardeae


Aequornithes (loons, penguins, herons, pelicans, storks, etc)


Eurypygimorphae


Eurypygiformes (sunbittern, kagu)



Phaethontiformes (tropicbirds)




Telluraves

Afroaves

Accipitrimorphae


Cathartiformes



Accipitriformes





Strigiformes (owls)


Coraciimorphae


Coliiformes (mousebirds)


Eucavitaves


Leptosomatiformes (cuckoo roller)


Cavitaves


Trogoniformes (trogons)


Picocoraciae


Bucerotiformes (hornbills, hoopoe and wood hoopoes)


Picodynastornithes


Coraciiformes



Piciformes









Australaves


Cariamiformes (seriemas)


Eufalconimorphae


Falconiformes (falcons)


Psittacopasserae


Psittaciformes (parrots)



Passeriformes (songbirds and kin)










Cladogram of modern birds relationships based on Jarvis, E.D. et al. (2014)[9] with some clade names after Yury, T. et al. (2013).[10]

References

  1. ^ Van Tuinen M. (2009) Birds (Aves). In The Timetree of Life, Hedges SB, Kumar S (eds). Oxford: Oxford University Press; 409–411.
  2. ^ Claramunt, S.; Cracraft, J. (2015). "A new time tree reveals Earth history's imprint on the evolution of modern birds". Sci Adv. 1 (11). PMC 4730849Freely accessible. PMID 26824065. doi:10.1126/sciadv.1501005. 
  3. ^ Mayr G. (2011) Metaves, Mirandornithes, Strisores and other novelties - a critical review of the higher-level phylogeny of neornithine birds. J Zool Syst Evol Res. 49:58-76.
  4. ^ Matzke, A. et al. (2012) Retroposon insertion patterns of neoavian birds: strong evidence for an extensive incomplete lineage sorting era Mol. Biol. Evol.
  5. ^ a b Prum, R.O. et al. (2015) A comprehensive phylogeny of birds (Aves) using targeted next-generation DNA sequencing. Nature 526, 569–573.
  6. ^ Suh, A. (2016), The phylogenomic forest of bird trees contains a hard polytomy at the root of Neoaves, Zool. Scripta 45(S1), 50-62.
  7. ^ Yuri et al. (2013) Parsimony and Model-Based Analyses of Indels in Avian Nuclear Genes Reveal Congruent and Incongruent Phylogenetic Signals. Biology, 2(1):419-444. doi:10.3390/biology2010419
  8. ^ Kimball, R.T. et al. (2013) Identifying localized biases in large datasets: A case study using the Avian Tree of Life. Mol Phylogenet Evol. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2013.05.029
  9. ^ Jarvis, E.D. et al. (2014) Whole-genome analyses resolve early branches in the tree of life of modern birds. Science, 346(6215):1320-1331.
  10. ^ Yuri, T. et al. (2013) Parsimony and Model-Based Analyses of Indels in Avian Nuclear Genes Reveal Congruent and Incongruent Phylogenetic Signals. Biology, 2(1):419-444. doi:10.3390/biology2010419


Hemipus picatus This article is part of Project Bird Taxonomy, a All Birds project that aims to write comprehensive articles on every order, family and other taxonomic rank related to birds.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).
Please help by writing it in the style of All Birds Wiki!