Temporal range: Miocene–present Mid-Miocene to present
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Superorder: Palaeognathae
Order: Tinamiformes
Family: Tinamidae
Subfamily: Nothurinae


Nothurinae or aridland Tinamous[1] is a subfamily of the Tinamidae family. It contains six genera. The six genera are:


These birds, as a member of the Tinamou, are ground birds that prefer to run and walk, but will fly when needed.[2]


They are related to the Ratites (Emus, Ostriches, Kiwis, and Rheas), and are placed with them in the Paleognathae. All of these birds evolved from ancient birds that did fly and Tinamous are believed to be a still living primitive family closely related to these ancient birds.[2]


Tinamous eat leaves, buds, small fruits and seeds, and will eats insects for variety.[2]

Range and habitat

The members of this superfamily live in South America and prefer hills and arid grasslands and scrublands as opposed to the Tinaminae, which prefer forests.[1]


  1. ^ a b Brown, Joseph W. (2005)
  2. ^ a b c Davies, S. J. J. F. (2003)


  • Brown, Joseph W. (2005). "Tinamiformes, Tinamidae, tinamous". Tree of Life Web Project. Retrieved 16 Jul 2009. 
  • Davies, S. J. J. F. (2003). "Tinamous Tinamidae)". In Hutchins, Michael; Jackson, Jerome A.; Bock, Walter J. et al.. Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia. 8 Birds I Tinamous and Ratites to Hoatzins. Joseph E. Trumpey, Chief Scientific Illustrator (2 ed.). Farmington Hills, MI: Gale Group. pp. 57–67. ISBN 0 7876 5784 0. 
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