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Phoebes
File:Sayornis phoebeAAP067B.png
Sayornis phoebe
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Suborder: Tyranni
Infraorder: Tyrannides
Family: Tyrannidae
Subfamily: Fluvicolinae
Tribe: Contopini
Genus: Sayornis
Bonaparte, 1854

The genus Sayornis is a small group of medium-sized insect-eating birds in the tyrant flycatcher family Tyrranidae native to North and South America.

Description

Phoebes are medium-sized flycatchers,[4] with lengths of 12.4–19.5 centimetres (4.9–7.7 in);[5][6] weights of 16.9–22 grams (0.60–0.78 oz)[5][6] and wingspans of 26–33 centimetres (10–13 in).[7][8]

Behaviour

These plump flycatchers have a distinct trait of dipping their tails downward,[9] Black and Eastern have this habit but the Say's has a habit of flaring its tail.[4] Relatively short-distance migrants, they are commonly found in open habitats, often near water or human structures and sometimes nesting under overhangs on houses, barns or under bridges.[9] All species dart after insects.[10]

Taxonomy

The Vermilion Flycatcher is closely related and shares many traits with the phoebes.[9] It is found in the Fluvicolini tribe.

Species

Species of Sayornis in TiF order

3 species


Eastern Phoebe

Sayornis phoebe
(Latham, 1790)
ssp. Monotypic
Sayornis phoebe -Owen Conservation Park, Madison, Wisconsin, USA-8
12.4–16.8 cm (4.9–6.6 in);
14.2–16.5 cm (5.6–6.5 in)

19.7 g (0.69 oz);
16.9 g (0.60 oz)



It is found in open habitats.

Increase2
Lower risk,
LC
Status iucn3.1 LC

IUCN[1]

Black Phoebe

White-winged Phoebe latirostris
Sayornis nigricans
(Swainson, 1827)
ssp.









Increase2
Lower risk,
LC
Status iucn3.1 LC

IUCN[2]

Say's Phoebe

Sayornis saya
(Bonaparte, 1825)
ssp.
  • S. s. saya
  • S. s. quiescens









Increase2
Lower risk,
LC
Status iucn3.1 LC

IUCN[3]

References

  1. ^ a b BirdLife International (2012). "Sayornis phoebe". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ a b BirdLife International (2012). "Sayornis nigricans". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  3. ^ a b BirdLife International (2012). "Sayornis saya". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  4. ^ a b Stokes, Donald W. and Stokes, Lilian Q. (2010). Stokes Field Guide to the Birds of North America. Little, Brown and Company. ISBN 9770316010504 Check |isbn= value: invalid prefix (help). 
  5. ^ a b Farnsworth, A. & Lebbin, D. (2016). Eastern Phoebe (Sayornis phoebe). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/57381 on 11 July 2016).
  6. ^ a b Farnsworth, A. & Lebbin, D. (2016). Say's Phoebe (Sayornis saya). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/57382 on 11 July 2016).
  7. ^ "Eastern Phoebe, Identification". allaboutbirds.org. The Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Cornell University. 
  8. ^ Dick, Gary Owen (2007). "Say's Phoebe Identification". Whatbird.com – Field Guide to Birds of North America. Mitch Waite Group. 
  9. ^ a b c Dunn, Jon L. and Alderfer, Jonathan (2011). National Geographic Completely Birds of North America. National Geographic Society. ISBN 9781426213731. 
  10. ^ Reader's Digest Editors (2012). Reader's Digest Book of North American Birds. Reader's Digest Association. ISBN 1464302294. 


Eurasian Spoonbill This article is part of Project Bird Genera, a All Birds project that aims to write comprehensive articles on each genus, including made-up genera.
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