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| Phalaropus pintoi|
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The Pinto's Phalarope, Phalaropus pintoi, is a species of pharalope in the sandpiper family. It is native to southern Europa.
It closely resembles the Red Phalarope, except it has a black mask and back. Its bill is black rather than yellow.
Juveniles are like that of the winter plumage, but they have a black back and darker grey wings.
In fall, adults and juveniles moult rapidly to their winter plumage .
When feeding, a phalarope will often swim in a small, rapid circle, forming a small whirlpool. This behavior is thought to aid feeding by raising food from the bottom of shallow water. The bird will reach into the center of the vortex with its bill, plucking small insects or crustaceans caught up therein.
It has been shown that phalaropes use the surface tension of water to capture food particles and get them to move up along the bill and into their mouths .
A high, sharp kit, often given in a series .
The sexual dimorphism and contribution to parenting are reversed in the phalarope species. Females are larger and more brightly colored than males. The females pursue males, compete for nesting territory, and will aggressively defend their nests and chosen mates. Once the females lay their eggs, they begin their southward migration, leaving the males to incubate the eggs and care for the young.
It is found near lakes, saline lakes and far out into the ocean (pelagic).
Its distribution is southern Europa.
It is based on the Red Phalarope, hence where most of the info comes from.