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Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Superorder: Strisores
Order: Apodiformes
Family: Trochilidae
Subfamily: Trochilinae
Tribe: Mellisugini
Genus: Archilochus
Species: A. colubris
Binomial name
Archilochus colubris
(Linnaeus, 1758)
File:Ruby-throated Hummingbird-rangemap.png
     Summer-only range     Winter-only range     Migratory path
Synonyms

Trochilus colubris

Ruby-throated Hummingbird, Archilochus colubris, is a species of hummingbird that breeds in eastern and central North America.[2]

Other names

Description

Tiny 7.5–9 cm (3.0–3.5 in), iridescent green bird with a black throat patch that reflects bright ruby red in the sun. Female is similar but lacks the throat patch. Juveniles are similar to females.[3]

Similar species

Separating female and immature Black-chinned Hummingbirds from Ruby-throated Hummingbirds can be difficult (Tyler, 2005)[4], and depends on a detailed study of individual primaries and rectrices (Pyle 1997),[5] as cited in Butler, et al. (2007).[6]

Behaviour

Diet

Calls

Reproduction

Distribution/habitat

References

  1. ^ "Archilochus colubris". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ Ridgely, Robert and John A. Gwynne Jr. (1989). A Guide to the Birds of Panama with Costa Rica, Nicaragua, and Honduras. Princeton University Press. ISBN 0691025126. 
  3. ^ Tekiela, Stan (2002). Birds of Oklahoma Field Guide. Adventure Publicatins, Inc. ISBN 1885061331. 
  4. ^ Tyler, J. D. 2005. Birds of Southwestern Oklahoma and North Central Texas. Transcript Press, Norman, Oklahoma.
  5. ^ Pyle, P. 1997. Identification guide to North American birds, Part 1: Columbidae to Ploceidae. Stone Creek Press, Bolinas, California
  6. ^ Butler, C. J., D. Ledbetter, N. Batchelder, and G. Batchelder. 2007. Black-chinned Hummingbirds breed in Grady County. Bulletin of the Oklahoma Ornithological Society 40: 13-16.

External links