Temporal range: Miocene–present Mid-Miocene to present
Tataupa Tinamou
(Crypturellus tataupa)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Superorder: Palaeognathae
Order: Tinamiformes
Family: Tinamidae
Subfamily: Tinaminae


Tinaminae, the forest tinamous, [1] is a subfamily of the family Tinamidae. It contains three genera, which are:


These birds, like other tinamous, are ground birds that prefer to run and walk, but will fly when they must.[2]


The tinamous are related to the ratites (emus, ostriches, kiwis, and rheas), and are grouped with them in the superorder Paleognathae. All of these birds evolved from ancient birds that did fly; the tinamous are a primitive family closely related to these ancient birds.[2]


Tinamous eat leaves, buds, small fruits, and seeds, and will eat insects for variety.[2]

Range and habitat

The members of this subfamily live in South and Central America. They prefer to live in forests, unlike the Nothurinae, which do not require forests and can live in drier climates.[1]


  1. ^ a b Brown, Joseph W. (2005)
  2. ^ a b c Davies, S. J. J. F. (2003)


  • Brown, Joseph W. (2005). "Tinamiformes, Tinamidae, tinamous". Tree of Life Web Project. Retrieved 16 Jul 2009. 
  • Davies, S. J. J. F. (2003). "Tinamous Tinamidae)". In Hutchins, Michael; Jackson, Jerome A.; Bock, Walter J. et al.. Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia. 8 Birds I Tinamous and Ratites to Hoatzins. Joseph E. Trumpey, Chief Scientific Illustrator (2 ed.). Farmington Hills, MI: Gale Group. pp. 57–67. ISBN 0 7876 5784 0. 

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